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Anti-IKK-α: Rabbit I-Kappa-B kinase-alpha Antibody

BACKGROUND The NF-kappaB transcription factors are pivotal regulators of gene expression programs culminating in stress-like responses and the genesis of innate and acquired immunity. NF-kappaB activation is dependent on phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IkappaB, a NF-kappaB inhibitor.  The IkappaB phosphorylationis mediated by a high molecular weight signalsome complex consisting of two IkappaB kinases (IKKalpha and IKKbeta, also known as IKK1/CHUK and IKK2, respectively) and a noncatalytic regulatory subunit (NEMO/NF-kappaB essential modulator, also known as IKKgamma/IKKAP-1/FIP-3). Two molecules of NEMO are believed to orchestrate the assembly of the IKKs into the high molecular weight signalsome complex partially by binding to specific carboxyl-terminally conserved residues of both IKKalpha and IKKbeta termed the NEMO binding domain (NBD). NEMO may also facilitate the recruitment of IkappaBalpha to the IKK complex. The two catalytic IKK subunits differentially respond via NEMO to an array of signal induced upstream kinase activities culminating in the coordinated phosphorylation of a pair of serines in their MAPK-like T activation loops.1 Activation of IKKbeta depends upon signal-induced phosphorylation of serines 177 and 181 in its T activation loop. However, unlike IKKbeta, a catalytic inactive mutant of IKKalpha with alanines replacing serines 176 and 180 in its analogous T activation loop (IKKalphaAA) had no demonstrable affect on the activity of IKK holocomplexes to induce IkappaBalpha degradation or NF-kappaB DNA binding activity in response to inflammatory cytokine stimuli in either transfected cells or fibroblasts derived from IKKalphaAA/AA knockin mice.2
Despite extensive sequence similarity, IKKalpha and IKKbeta have largely distinct functions, due to their different substrate specificities and modes of regulation. IKKbeta (and IKKgamma) are essential for rapid NF-kappaB activation by proinflammatory signaling cascades, such as those triggered by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In contrast, IKKalpha functions in the activation of a specific form of NF-kappaB in response to a subset of TNF family members and may also serve to attenuate IKKbeta-driven NF-kappaB activation. However, there was report that that IKKalpha is just as critical as IKKbeta and NEMO/IKKgamma for the global activation of NF-kappaB-dependent, TNFalpha- and IL-1-responsive genes.3 Moreover, IKKalpha is involved in keratinocyte differentiation, but this function is independent of its kinase activity.4
Two protein kinases, one called IKKepsilon or IKK-i and one variously named TBK1 (TANK-binding kinase), NAK (NF-kappaB -activated kinase), or T2K (TRAF2-associated kinase), were identified that exhibit structural similarity to IKKalpha and IKKbeta. These protein kinases are important for the activation of interferon response factor 3 (IRF3) and IRF7, transcriptional factors that play key roles in the induction of type I interferon (IFN-I).5
1. Karin, M.: Oncogene 18:6867-74, 1999
2. Cao Y. et al: Cell 107:763-75, 2001
3. Li,X. et al: J. Biol. Chem. 277:45129-40, 2002
4. Liu, B. et al: Cell Cycle 8:527-31, 2009
5. Ikeda, F. et al: EMBO J. 26:3451-62, 2007
Products are for research use only. They are not intended for human, animal, or diagnostic applications.


Short peptide from N-terminal sequence of human IKK-alpha.
Rabbit IgG
Species & predicted
species cross-
reactivity ( ):
Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications &
Suggested starting
WB                  1:1000 - 1:10000
IP                    1:50
IHC                  1:50
ICC                  1:500
FACS               1:50
Predicted Molecular
Weight of protein:
85 kDa
Detects endogenous IKK-alpha proteins without cross-reactivity with other family members.
Store at -20°C, 4°C for frequent use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

*Optimal working dilutions must be determined by end user.

Rabbit I-Kappa-B kinase-alpha Antibody CG1243 по запросу

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